As a global industry that operates in a wide range of jurisdictions including underdeveloped and developing countries, business ethics and anti-corruption are a major focus for the mining industry. For help determining what areas of business ethics to cover in this entry, I thank Dorothea Baur, George Brenkert, Jason Brennan, David Dick, Edwin Hartman, Laura Hartman, Woon Hyuk Jay Jang, Chris MacDonald, Emilio Marti, Dominic Martin, Eric Orts, Sareh Pouryousefi, Abraham Singer, Alejo José G. Sison, and Chris Surprenant.
The social responsibility movement arose particularly during the 1960s with increased public consciousness about the role of business in helping to cultivate and maintain highly ethical practices in society and particularly in the natural environment.
The reason why the prevailing image of Japanese management systems in very large companies and small companies is very similar, if not the same, is because the Japanese economy, and with it the business structure of virtually any kind of business or large company in Japan is directly influenced by Japanese cultural values, relations and structure, in particular, those of Confucian origin.
And in everyday life, causing a person to lose their job would be a terrible thing to do. But in business if you invent a better mousetrap and force makers of lesser mousetraps out of business, that’s considered entirely justified in the name of innovation.
Disappointed business competitors, having lost the bidding for an international contract because of bribery, may turn to their domestic police force to initiate an investigation in the country of the alleged bribe payer if that country (like Canada) has passed anti-bribery laws.