The Small Business Administration is currently accepting loan applications for a wide range of commerce-related undertakings. It has numerous loan programs, but the SBA acts only as a guarantor of loans made by private lenders and other institutions. The need to assist small business intensified with the onset of World War II, when they were placed at a competitive disadvantage vis-a-vis larger concerns.
To help small business participate in war production and give them financial viability, Congress created the Smaller War Plants Corporation (SWPC) in 1942. SBA has very special and easy terms to offer business grants to women entrepreneurs and members of the ethnic minority groups to help them become economically independent. Look into the viability of your idea and test the feasibility of the business you have in mind.
Translation: banks are comfortable with the new SBA (as opposed to the more insular and contentious regime under the Bush administrations that spent more time fighting and failing to communicate with lenders than trying to treat them as partners) and so more willing to make loans even though the default rates go higher.
However, corporate assets are normally not exempt; hence, it may be more difficult to continue operating an incorporated business if the owner files bankruptcy. At this time, the Office of Small Business (OSB) in the Department of Commerce also assumed some responsibilities that would later become characteristic duties of the SBA.
Not to bore you with the details, but the only exceptions are almost minuscule, namely the guarantees are not used for business ventures involved in gambling, aquariums, zoos, golf courses, or swimming pools. Similar to the homeowner’s loan program mentioned above, small business owners pledge any available assets and acquire a similar pledge from a spouse or partner in the case of shared assets.